Relief, Reconstruction & Rehabilitation
In the aftermath of war, natural disaster or following a particular crisis Malteser International responds to the fundamental needs of the affected population. In these early stages, the focus of any response is upon helping people with basic survival. Programmes focussing on emergency medical relief and the distribution of relief items – such as the means for water purification and storage, household items, shelter kits and basic food rations – are “first response instruments”.
After these basic needs have been met, Malteser International’s aim is to further reduce vulnerability and to provide communities affected by crises and disasters with sustainable reconstruction and rehabilitation programmes promoting a strong development perspective. Respective programme components include actual reconstruction of houses and public buildings as well as social rehabilitation measures such as the reintegration of refugees within their homeland or reconciliation programmes in war-torn communities.
For example: Emergency relief and reconstruction after the earthquake in Haiti
Immediately after the quake Malteser International with support of the international network of the Order of Malta has started its relief activities. In the medium and long term, Malteser International is going to provide assistance in the basic health care sector and start relief efforts to ensure access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). In cooperation with partner organisations Malteser International will support vaccination campaigns as well as hygiene promotion campaigns. Furthermore, the relief service will provide psycho-social care for the survivors.