The long-lasting civil war in Sri Lanka ended in May 2009. Many internally displaced persons (IDPs) who had had to leave their villages because of the fighting have been coming back during the last months. Thanks to the work done by international and local organisations since then in the fields of reconstruction, road rehabilitation and water supply, as well as further basic structures, significant improvement has already been achieved in the east of the country.
In December 2010, however, monsoon season started: continuous and heavy rainfalls led to severe flooding and landslides in the central highlands and in the eastern provinces (Batticaloa, Trincomalee, Ampara, Matale, Polonnaruwa, Anuradhnapura). The roads between Batticaloa, Ampara and Trincomalee have been destroyed and remain closed. The concerned regions are partly isolated and the supply of aid thus remains difficult. More than one million people are concerned, 27 died and 49 were injured. About 360,000 people had to leave their homes, as they had been destroyed or badly damaged. Because of the flood, many people who had just returned to their villages have to live in an IDP camp again. At present, there are 35 camps for IDPs.
In the camps and villages located in the district of Batticaloa the need for help is particularly urgent. The camps are set up in buildings (schools, community centres or temples) which are intended to be used as evacuation points. The food and water supply situation is alarming as people do not have access to cooking facilities in these buildings and the water supply is poor. There is no more fuel material as many parts of the district have been flooded. In addition to that, wells are contaminated.
Families are thus dependent on the distribution of clean water and food as well as of hygiene kits and further relief items. The risk of the spread of diseases (so called “water borne diseases”) is high, especially for children and women, as they have only very little possibilities for personal hygiene. Many of the affected families earn their living as day-labourers. As many people working for example in the sector of construction cannot practice their jobs due to the flooding, families don´t have any income now and are thus dependent on the distribution of food and other relief items.
|Duration:||2 months (12 January – 11 March 2011)|
|Financing:||Federal Foreign Office (Germany), Malteser International, donations|
|Partner:||Lanka Jathika Sarvodaya Shramadama Sangamaya (Sarvodaya)|
Area Size: 65,610 km²
Population: 20.4 million
Standard of living:
Average life expectancy: 74.1 years
Infant mortality: 13.2 per 1,000 live births
Child mortality (children under 5 years): 15.3 per 1,000 live births
Maternal mortality: 17 per 100,000 live births
People living below 1.25 US$ per day: 14%
Births attended by skilled personnel: 98.5%
Estimated number of people living with HIV: 3.8 per 1,000
Estimated mortality of TB cases: 10 per 100,000 population
Malteser International has been working in Sri Lanka since 2005.
The database on this website presents an exemplary range of the projects realised in Sri Lanka.