The villages along the rivers Vu Gia and Thu Bon are flooded up to six times per year. People have to leave their villages; they lose their harvests and, with them, their livelihood. This situation poses a great danger to people with disabilities, since mobility constraints, the lack of access to information and their marginalisation in society makes them especially vulnerable towards natural hazards. Depending on the disability and their environment, they may not be able to evacuate independently, or may be hampered by additional barriers that make their evacuation difficult.
To include the needs and wishes of persons with disabilities and to integrate them in future disaster preparedness plans, they have to be involved directly in planning processes. After all, they and their families know best what kind of support they need. The motto of the Disabled Persons Organisations (DPOs), “nothing about us without us”, also guides Malteser International in its work
Malteser International works with the population in 46 villages in the districts Dai Loc, Duy Xuyen and Dien Ban to enable a comprehensive and inclusive community-based disaster risk management. Community mobilisers, who often have a disability themselves or a disabled family member, sensitise the population to the issue. In this way, people with disabilities and their families are encouraged and trained to participate actively in their village’s preparation of emergency plans. At the same time, Malteser International sets up disaster response teams in each village, training them in search and rescue, first aid and evacuation. With help from priority lists, people with disabilities can receive help systematically and in time to seek shelter. As flooding can normally be foreseen in time compared to other natural events, it is also important to ensure that disabled persons have access to early warning and information mechanisms.
Vietnam is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. People living coastal areas and along rivers are constantly endangered by typhoons and flooding. Reasons for the increasing number of disasters in Vietnam are, on the one hand, an increase in the number and intensity of natural disasters as the global climate change continues, and, on the other hand, the growing vulnerability of the population, with increasing human and material losses. Rapid socio-economic change and the problems associated with it (population growth, urbanisation and changed land use) are factors which contribute to this trend.
The project area Quang-Nam is one of the most disaster-prone provinces in Vietnam. Between 1997 and 2009, 967,624 houses were flooded there. With climate change, this trend tends to increase. Typhoons and flooding directly threaten the lives and livelihoods of the population in the region. About 25 per cent of the population are classified as poor or very poor. Most of them work as subsistence farmers of daily labourers. The region’s main crops, rice, maize and vegetables, are extremely flood-endangered.
According to a WHO study, 15 per cent of the world population has some form of disability. A recent door-to-door survey conducted by several international NGOs in Danang City revealed that about 20 per cent of the city’s population are living with a disability. The number of disabled persons in Quang-Nam province is likely similar to Danang City. The relatively high number of people with disabilities in Vietnam can be attributed to the consequences of the war (invalidity, impairments caused by Agent Orange).
|Duration:||Since April 2012|
|Financing:||Federal Foreign Office (Germany), Malteser International |
Area Size: 329,560 km²
Population: 89 million
Standard of living:
Average life expectancy: 74.4 years
Infant mortality: 19.9 per 1,000 live births
Child mortality (children under 5 years): 24.2 per 1,000 live births
Maternal mortality: 75 per 100,000 live births
People living below 1.25 US$ per day: 21.45%
Births attended by skilled personnel: 87.7%
Total prevalence of HIV: 0.5%
Estimated mortality of TB cases: 34 per 100,000 population
Malteser International has been working in Vietnam since 1966.
The database on this website presents an exemplary range of the projects realised in Vietnam.