An estimated 2.2 million of the 32 million people living in Kenya are currently infected with the HI virus and each day about 500 die due to the consequences of the disease.
Nairobi has a population of 4.5 million of which about 2.2 million live in the slums - although these only make up five percent of the city area. In the shanty towns about ten percent of the adult population is infected by the HI virus. Thus, the slums belong to the most affected areas.
Poor living conditions, extreme poverty as well as the lack of education are main reasons for the spread of HIV/AIDS in the slums of Kenyas capital.
Many of the people infected with HIV also suffer from tuberculosis (TB) as the virus makes people more vulnerable to the tuberculosis agent. Hygienic conditions are very poor due to overcrowded living so that diseases such as TB spread rapidly.
TB is curable with a combination of three to five antibiotics and the treatment takes about six to eight months. The continuous medical care of the patients is of utmost importance.
Since August 2001, Malteser International has been fighting against AIDS and TB in eight slums of Nairobi with a catchment area of 600,000 people. The diagnosis and treatment, the training of local staff in the health centres, the set up of laboratories and the education of slum residents are essential parts of the programme. In March 2004, the organisation handed over a modern cell-counter for the treatment of HIV to St. Marys Hospital in Nairobi. This special device measures the number of white blood vessels and is therefore vital to make a decision concerning the treatment with antiretroviral medication. The work of Malteser International in Nairobi has already been awarded several times by the Kenyan government.
The employment and further training of local
specialised staff is the key to success of the work in Nairobi. For an
effective treatment of AIDS, qualified and sufficient personnel for the
intensive care of the patients and the regular control of their blood
and organs are indispensable. Only in 2009, Malteser International
provided counselling for over 35,000 persons and tested their blood on
|Duration:||Since August 2001|
|Financing:||German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Austrian Development Agency (ADA), Pathfinder International, Global Fund, private donations|
|Partner:||Nairobi Health Medical Board (NHMB), Nairobi City, African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF), Pathfinder International|