Inclusive disaster risk reduction
In Vietnam, 7.8% people live with one or more disabilities. During disasters, people with disabilities are especially at-risk: facing difficulties in accessing early warning systems, a lack of adequate evacuation assistance and are often not involved in developing village disaster management plans or activities with regards to community-based disaster risk management (CBDRM).
Since 2012, Malteser International has collaborated with Disabled People’s Organisations (DPOs) and government partners to implement CBDRM activities emphasizing the inclusion of people with disabilities. Measures have mainly focused on developing policies, guidelines and a manual on disability-inclusive CBDRM, implementing a pilot model on disability-inclusive CBDRM at the community level, modifying first aid and rescue training materials and delivering the subsequent training for people with disabilities.
Through the work of Malteser International, the government’s DRR stakeholders have realized the importance of including people with disabilities within CBDRM. Information on disability inclusion has been highlighted in national and international DRR technical documents, reports and circulars. In addition, civil society actors have also started to include people with disabilities into their activities.
During the project’s implementation process, it was realized that to make disability-inclusive CBDRM more effective and sustainable, it is necessary to further strengthen the capacities and enhance the active involvement of the Ministry of Labour – Invalids and Social Affairs and the Disaster Management Center (DMC). To this end, awareness raising activities will enable the ministry to develop relevant policies within the disability sector to promote the implementation of disability-inclusive CBDRM from provincial to community level. Moreover, setting up a strong DPO network of trainers in all regions of the country will help raise awareness and build capacity for related stakeholders as well as to monitor and evaluate disability inclusive CBDRM activities at different level.
The project aims to achieve equal representation and participation of people with disabilities in CBDRM through capacity building, the development of nationally binding guidelines and policies, as well as the implementation of concrete disability inclusive CBDRM plans. At the same time, monitoring and evaluation systems at different levels will be set up and lessons learnt will be documented and shared as a model for nationwide dissemination to ensure future follow up and sustainability.
- Provide trainings to strengthen the organizational capacity of stakeholders active in DRR.
- Establish a pool of trainers and multipliers on disability-inclusive CBDRM and use their skills and advocacy efforts to develop the national CBDRM program further.
- Conduct awareness raising workshops on disability inclusive CBDRM and developing disability inclusive CBDRM plans on a community, district and provincial level.
- Provide small grants to support the implementation of disability-inclusive CBDRM plans.
- Conduct workshops to develop national legal guidelines on disability-inclusive CBDRM, as well as tools to assess whether people with disabilities are effectively included in CBDRM programs.
- Set up a production unit and make digital formats on disaster risk reduction, such as Malteser International’s CBDRM manual, that are accessible for people with disabilities.
Area: 331,210 km²
Population: c. 89.-7 Million
Project duration: since 2015
Donors: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Develpment, World Care Future Foundation, private donations
Partners: Ministry of Labour – Invalids and Social Affairs, Disaster Management Policy and Technology Center, organizations for persons with physical disabilities.
Last updated: February 2018