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Improved water and sanitation on the island of Luzon

The village of Lengaoan lies in the mountainous province of Benguet on the northern Philippine island of Luzon. The population lives mostly from subsistence agriculture and around half of the inhabitants live beneath the national poverty line. The mountainous location of the village, coupled with the effects of climate change and deforestation, means that the provision of water and sanitation in the settlement is completely inadequate. This situation has an effect on the health of the village's inhabitants: who suffer with increasing frequency from diarrhea and skin conditions. Since September 2015, Malteser International has been working in cooperation with the Philippine Association of the Order of Malta and Caritas Baguio for an improvement to Lengaoan's water and sanitation. At the same time, activities on the protection and sustainable use of natural resources are being supported.

The village of Lengaoan lies at an elevation of 1,600 meters. The insufficient water supply in the village is a problem, especially in the dry season. The water shortage is a consequence of the geographical position of the village in the mountains, changes in the climate, and the effect of deforestation on existing water sources. Despite the shrinkage of the forest, most households need to continue to use wood for their stoves. This deforestation also exposes the village to landslides during and after the monsoon season. Most of Lengaoan's inhabitants are required to walk a long distance in order to fetch the water needed for daily use. In the village’s primary schools, there is neither sufficient water for drinking or for using the latrines.

The goal of the project is to improve the water, sanitation and hygiene situation in Lengaoan sustainably, and thereby to protect and ensure the ecologically sound usage of the local natural resources.

  • Construction of a central water supply system for the village.
  • Construction of rain water harvesting system, and preparation of biosand water filters for 40 families in the high mountain areas.
  • Improvements to the water supply of the two primary schools in the village.
  • Construction of 30 household latrines (Double pit model).
  • Improvement of sanitation in the primary schools through the construction of latrines and hand washing stations.
  • Hygiene education measures in the community and its schools.
  • Forestation for the protection of water sources.
  • Construction of five biogas plants to provide energy for cooking.

Country info

Capital: Manila
Area: 300,000 km²
Population: c. 93.4 Million

Project data

Project duration: Since September 2015
Donors: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, private donations
Partner: Philippine Association of the Order of Malta

Last udpdated: July 2016

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